July 13, 2024


The Legal System

Missouri Law Makes It a Felony for Homeless to Sleep on State-Owned Land


  • A new Missouri regulation makes it a crime for the homeless to snooze on state-owned lands, like beneath bridges and overpasses.
  • Gov. Mike Parson signed the bill into legislation about objections from his very own administration that it would hurt the homeless.
  • The law also dictates that metropolitan areas can only use condition funding for momentary shelters, not prolonged-phrase housing.

A new Missouri legislation will make it a criminal offense for the homeless to slumber on state-owned lands, these as beneath highway overpasses and bridges.

GOP Gov. Mike Parson signed the invoice into law around objections from his possess administration, the St. Louis Publish-Dispatch reported

The Missouri Home experienced a “second of silent prayer” and recited the Pledge of Allegiance ahead of passing the laws, which will go into outcome on January 1, 2023.

The legislation states that “no man or woman shall be permitted to use state-owned lands for unauthorized sleeping, camping, or prolonged-term shelters.” The initial offense gets a warning, and the next gets a Course C misdemeanor, punishable by 15 times in prison, or a $750 wonderful, the Article-Dispatch described. 

Cities that don’t “enforce any ordinances prohibiting general public tenting, sleeping, or obstruction of sidewalks,” can be sued by the Missouri legal professional basic. Individuals “with a higher for each-capita homelessness amount than the condition ordinary will not obtain even more point out funding” until finally they decrease their for every-capital homelessness fee or implement statewide bans, the legislation reported. 

In Might, Valerie Huhn, the Missouri Department of Psychological Health and fitness Director appointed by Parson, wrote a letter to Gov. Parson’s funds office environment that the legislation would have a adverse effect on the homeless, in accordance to the Article-Dispatch, who has noticed the letter. The governor signed the legislation in June. 

“When persons encountering homelessness have legal justice histories, it is tough to obtain housing,” Huhn wrote in the letter, according to the Post-Dispatch. 

The legislation also dictates that metropolitan areas can only use point out and federal money to establish short-term camps for the homeless, as an alternative of lasting housing, the Submit-Dispatch noted. Huhn wrote that this also will have a adverse affect on the unsheltered community, who may possibly not be able to locate residing preparations somewhere else. 

“Private landlords statewide may possibly select not to lease to persons enduring homelessness for a assortment of explanations, this kind of as no rental background, no credit history or lousy credit rating, or legal justice histories,” she wrote. “Steady housing is a critical ingredient of prosperous recovery.”

Correction: An earlier variation of this story mistated that the new law would make it a felony for homeless persons to sleep on state-owned lands. The monthly bill states it would be a Class C misdemeanor, as described above. 


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